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History taking in paediatric musculoskeletal medicine is not the same as in adults, may be primarily from the parent or carer, and may be initially only of vague complaints, such as ‘my leg hurts’, ‘my child is not right’, or ‘she has stopped doing x’.

It is important to modify your history taking style when engaging with children and young people, use appropriate language and tone and be alert to non-verbal clues of discomfort, upset or embarrassment.

You can often gather important information from watching the child as they come in the room and play with toys - look how they interact with parent(s), siblings or members of the health care team and other staff in the clinic.

There is no better way to learn than to observe experienced clinicians engage with children and for you to get feedback on your technique from observers. 

This module covers the important features in the history "what to ask about", red flags needing immediate concern and attention, and how to differentiate between inflammatory and mechanical problems.

Further information is available in gait and motor milestones

Top Tips are also available. 

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